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考研英语词汇:常见词缀大全

  摘要:英语学科的学习重在平时的积累,而考研英语的单词和短语的复习更是需要持续不断的坚持,日积月累达到一定的程度,考研英语后期的复习才能更加轻松一点。分享给你英语词汇常见词缀大全,让你的背诵轻松起来~

  一、前缀(62个)

  1.aero-: concerning the air or aircraft;

  2.anti-: against, opposite of;

  3.auto-: of or by oneself;

  4.be-: to treat as the stated thing;

  5.bi-: two, twice, double;

  6.bio-: concerning living things;

  7.by-, bye-: less important;

  8.centi-: hundredth part of a unit;

  9.co-: together, with;

  10.col-: (used before l) together, with;

  11.com-: (used before b, m, p) together, with;

  12.con-: together, with;

  13.contra-: opposite

  14.cor-: (used before r) together, with;

  15.counter-: opposite;

  16.cross-: across, going between the stated things and joiningthem;

  17.de-: showing an opposite, to remove, to reduce;

  18.dis-: not, the opposite of;1

  19.em-: (used before b, m, p) to cause to become;

  20.en-: to cause to become;

  21.ex-: former (and still living)

  22.extra-: outside, beyond;

  23.fore-: in advance, before, in or at the front;

  24.il-: (used before l) not;

  25.im-: (used before b, m, p) not;

  26.in-: not;

  27.infra-: below in a range, beyond;

  28.inter-: between, among;

  29.intra-: inside, within, into;

  30.ir-: (used before r) not;

  31.kilo-: thousand;

  32.macro-: large, esp. concerning a whole system rather thanparticular parts of;

  33.mal-: bad or badly;

  34.micro-: extremely small;

  35.mid-: middle;

  36.mini-: small, short;

  37.mis-: bad or badly, wrong or wrongly;

  38.mono-: one, single;

  39.multi-: more than one, many;

  40.non-: not;

  41.out-: outside, beyond;

  42.over-: too much, above, additional;

  43.poly-: many;

  44.post-: later than, after;

  45.pre-: before, in advance;

  46.pro-: in favor of, supporting;

  47.pseudo-: not real, false;

  48.re-: again, back to the former state;

  49.self-: by means of oneself or itself, of, to, with, for, or inoneself or itself;

  50.semi-: half, partly;

  51.step-: not by birth but through a parent who has remarried;

  52.sub-: under, below, less important, part of the stated biggerwhole;

  53.super-: more, larger, greater than usual;

  54.tele-: at or over a long distance, by or for television;

  55.therm(o)-: concerning heat;

  56.trans-: across, on or to the other side of, between;

  57.tri-: three, three times;

  58.ultra-: beyond, very, extremely;

  59.un-: not;

  60.under-: too little, below;

  61.uni-: one, single;

  62.vice-: next in the rank; below.

  二、后缀(54个)

  (1)名词后缀(28个):


  1.–ability, –ibility

  2.–age

  3.–al

  4.–an, –ian, –arian

  5.–ance, –ence

  6.–ancy, – ency

  7.–ant, –ent

  8.–cy

  9.–dom

  10.–ee

  11.–er, –or, –ar

  12.–ery

  13.–ese

  14.–ess

  15.–ful

  16.–hood

  17.–ics

  18.–ion, –ition, –ation

  19.–ism

  20.–ist

  21.–ity, –ty

  22.–ment

  23.–ness

  24.–ology

  25.–ship

  26.–sion, – ssion

  27.–th

  28.–ure

  (2)动词后缀(3个):

  1.–en

  2.–ify

  3.–ize, –ise

  (3)形容词后缀(20个):

  1.–able, –ible

  2.–al

  3.–an, –arian, –ian

  4.–ant, –ent

  5.–ary, –ory

  6.–ate

  7.–en

  8.–ese

  9.–free

  10.–ful

  11.–ic, –ical

  12.–ish

  13.–ive

  14.-less

  15.–like

  16.–ly

  17.–ous, –ious

  18.–some

  19.–ward

  20.–y

  (4)副词后缀(3个):

  1.–ly

  2.–ward, –wards

  3.–wise
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